What is the TIR System?
What is the ‘TIR’ System?
“TIR” stands for Transports Internationaux Routiers (International Road Transport). It is an international Customs transit system that allows the goods to transit from a country of origin to a country of destination in sealed load compartments with Customs control along the supply chain. TIR is globally applicable, and uses a single international guarantee, thus eliminating the need for costly guarantees in each country of transit.
This allows transport companies and custom authorities to significantly cut down on time and money at the borders. The TIR guarantee covers the customs duties and taxes at risk, up to a maximum protection of EUR 100,000 per transport operation. Originally, the TIR system was established to facilitate trade and transport whilst implementing an international harmonized system of Customs control. In 1949, shortly after World War II, the first TIR Agreement was concluded between a small number of European countries and led to the elaboration of the TIR Convention in 1954 under the umbrella of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
TIR in Qatar
The international road transport system includes about 76 countries from all over the world, and its number is constantly increasing with more countries looking to join.
The State of Qatar joined the International Road Transport agreement in January 2019, whereby Qatar Chamber was nominated to be the guarantor that issues TIR Carnets.
TIR System Actors
United Nations Bodies
The United Nations Bodies oversees the application of the TIR Convention.
Issue TIR Carnets, guarantee transport operations under TIR, grant access to the TIR System to transport operators in collaboration with national authorities.
Customs authorities implement TIR at national level, including border controls, approvals of national TIR operators and vehicles.
TIR Carnet Holders
After being approved by their Local association and customs, transport and logistics companies can purchase TIR carnets and start making TIR transports
Join the TIR
To become a TIR card Holder, contact QCCI TIR Department to obtain TIR admission kit:
Mrs. Alanoud Almuhanadi
Head of TIR Department
Qatar Chamber: P.O. Box 402, Doha, Qatar
Tel: +974 44559118 | Fax: +974 44551693
Minimum criteria to become a TIR Carnet Holder
- Proven experience or, at least, capability to engage in regular international transport (holder of a license for carrying out international transport, etc.).
- Sound financial standing
- Proven knowledge in the application of the TIR Convention
- Absence of serious or repeated offences against Customs or tax legislation.
- An undertaking in a written declaration of commitment to the association by having them signing the Declaration of Engagement and the Holder’s Manual .
- NOC from the Federal Customs Authorities .
What is TIR?
TIR stands for “Transports Internationaux Routiers” which in English means International Road Transport. It is an international system allowing goods to travel across one or more borders with a minimum of Customs interference whilst in transit, providing at least part of the journey is carried out by road. The TIR system operates in any country that is a Contracting Party to the TIR Convention 1975, provided the country has established the relevant contractual arrangements. Goods travelling under TIR are covered by a TIR Carnet and this means they may pass through these countries without paying Customs duties and taxes and without the need for unloading/reloading at frontiers. The United Nations, on behalf of the Contracting Parties, has mandated the International Road Transport Union (IRU) to administer the TIR system and in particular the guarantee system.
Refer to Article 6 and Annex 9 Part II of the TIR Convention.
The TIR Handbook containing background information, the text of the TIR Convention, 1975 and explanatory notes and comments is available from the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) in Geneva, or on the following website: http://www.unece.org/hk/tir/tirconv/conv75.html
The TIR system is based on six main principles:
- The goods are carried in secure road vehicles (including trailers, semi-trailers), or in containers that have been approved for Customs sealing under the TIR Convention. The only exception to this rule is if the goods are designated as heavy and bulky goods; this must be noted on the goods manifest of the TIR Carnet.
- The Customs duties and taxes at risk in each TIR operational country are covered up to a fixed amount by an internationally valid guarantee represented by the TIR Carnet.
- The goods are documented on and accompanied by a TIR Carnet which is the harmonized Customs declaration.
- Customs control measures applied in the country of departure should be accepted by the countries of transit and destination.
- Access to use the TIR system is controlled by the Customs authorities and the national transport Associations. National associations wishing to issue and guarantee TIR Carnets must fulfil minimum financial and commercial conditions and requirements before authorization is granted. Similarly, transport operators wishing to use TIR Carnets must be of sound financial standing and must have no record of serious or repeated offences against Customs or tax legislation. The minimum admission requirements must be fulfilled before access is granted to both Associations and transport operators. Parts I and II of Annex 9 to the TIR Convention.
- Electronic information confirming the partial or final termination of all TIR operations must be sent to the international organisation (the IRU) by each Customs authority where the unloading takes place (This is known as SafeTIR termination data. Details are contained in Annex 10 to the TIR Convention).
TIR Carnets are issued by approved TIR issuing Associations in the country in which the TIR Carnet Holder is established, or where the TIR transport begins. In special circumstances, a TIR Carnet may be issued to a foreign TIR Carnet Holder. In these cases, authorization in writing from the Association to which the Holder belongs is required.
The TIR Carnet can be used for road transit movements that also involve a journey by sea or rail. If a TIR operational country has the facilities to handle the TIR Carnet for journeys other than by road, the use of multi-modal TIR Carnets is possible. If it is not possible then the TIR transport is suspended during that element of the journey, which is therefore not covered by the TIR guarantee. The TIR transport, and control of the TIR Carnet, will be resumed at the first Customs office in a TIR operational country.
If the driver/holder claims that the TIR Carnet has been stolen or lost, then he should immediately approach nearby customs or inform to the concern competent authorities in the country where he is in, in order to record the event and obtain a report.
Customs should inform the association with the carnet details, whereby allowing association to invalidate the TIR carnet with the help of IRU. If the holder wishes to continue the TIR journey, then he should approach the TIR association (Qatar Chamber) in order to get a new TIR Carnet and to continue the TIR journey.
The TIR Carnet has a number of sets (pairs) of detachable vouchers (in French, “volets”) numbered 1 (white) and 2 (green). Normally one pair of vouchers (white and green) is needed for the transport of goods across the territory of each TIR operational country. The vouchers are filled in by the various actors. A guide on how to fill in the TIR Carnet is available to be downloaded free of charge from the IRU bookshop. Click here .
- A fully filled and signed TIR Carnet
- The presence of the TIR Plate on the truck (Provided by the association)
- Land Transport permit for the Truck
- Sealed truck (Done By Customs at borders)
- Submit a Customs Declaration
- Authorized Customs Broker
Can you transport goods that cannot be sealed into a truck due to their nature (referred to as heavy or bulky goods) under a TIR Carnet?
Yes. The term “heavy or bulky goods” covers any heavy or bulky object, which because of its weight, size or nature is not normally carried in a closed vehicle or closed container. This can range from large machinery to livestock. Article 1 (p) of the TIR Convention refers. In such cases box 11 of the cover page of the TIR Carnet must be endorsed to the effect that heavy or bulky goods are being transported. The yellow manifest and each voucher of the Carnet must similarly be endorsed. Any additional documents such as photographs or plans required by Customs to identify heavy or bulky goods should be attached to the Carnet and noted in box 8 of every voucher in the TIR Carnet.
(i) Alcohol and derived products except for beer or wine (prohibited goods are classified under HS Codes 22.07.10 and 22.08);
(ii) Tobacco and derived products except for raw tobacco (prohibited goods are classified under HS Codes 24.02.10, 24.02.20 and 24.03.10).
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